How to supplement vitamins in the elderly
Vitamins are an irreplaceable nutrient for maintaining vital life.
For the elderly, the role of vitamins is relatively more important because of the aging and resistance of physiological acceptance.
However, because some elderly friends do not know much about the type and amount of vitamins, too many replacement varieties, or too large doses, are not good for the body.
There are many kinds of vitamins, mainly seven kinds, namely vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E (the above three are fat-soluble, that is, present in the moving, plant traces), vitamin B1, vitamin B2, niacin, vitamin C (The above four kinds are concentrated and widely exist in various foods, especially green vegetables and fruits.
There are about 4 kinds of special health care for elderly friends, namely vitamins A, E, C, and B1.
The current profile is as follows: Vitamin A: is fat-soluble, and its role in the human body is mainly to maintain the growth of various epithelial cells, promote the regeneration of “purple purple”, prevent night blindness and corneal softening, and enhance the resistance to infectious diseases.
The epithelial cells of the elderly are vulnerable to injury and the resistance is relatively insufficient. Therefore, it is necessary to properly supplement vitamin A.
In addition to the parts of the diet (such as carrots, animal livers, dark vegetables, eggs, milk), you can take vitamin A capsules once a day, each serving 1 capsule, the content is 25000 internationalUnit, intermittently taken.
Vitamin E: is fat soluble, also known as “natural phenol.”
The main function of the human body is to eliminate free radicals, resist oxidation, remove the “peroxidation lipid” in the body, and eliminate the “lipofuscin” in the body, thereby delaying the aging process of the body.
Animal experiments have confirmed that vitamin E can prolong the life expectancy of animals, leading to a decline in the incidence of cancer.
As a result, the peroxidation of lipids is increasing, the deposition of lipofuscin is obvious, the damage of biofilm is aggravated, and the muscles are atrophied and thinned.
That is, vitamin E should be added.
In addition to dietary (widely found in green plants, especially in various natural vegetable oils), in addition to oral vitamin E capsules, the daily dose of 400 mm or more, can produce blurred vision, diarrhea, fatigue and other side effects,Should be careful to avoid.
Vitamin C: Carbide, also known as “ascorbic acid.”
The effect on the human body is more complicated, mainly to maintain the normal function of organs such as blood vessels, muscles, bones and teeth.
In particular, it can enhance the elasticity of capillaries and prevent bleeding, so it is called ascorbic acid.
Thoroughly increase the body’s resistance to a variety of infectious diseases, promote wound healing, and accelerate the formation of connective tissue.
For the elderly, it is important to increase the resistance to various infections by taking vitamin C. At the same time, it maintains the blood vessels, especially the capillaries of various parts, and prevents bleeding, etc., and is of special health care value for the elderly.
In addition to supplements from foods (widely found in a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables), it can replace oral vitamin C tablets, 3 times a day, 1-2 tablets each time (each tablet is 100 mg), can be taken for a long time, generally without parentheses.
Vitamin B1: also known as “thiamine”, usually, can prevent beriberi (specifically, lack of vitamin B1 caused by peripheral neuritis and other dysfunction, not refers to the commonly called ankle or “Hong Kong feet”) increase appetite, nutritionNerves, improve muscle function and so on.
When the elderly have poor appetite, or combined with peripheral nerve fibers, or indigestion, taking vitamin B1 plays an important role in rehabilitation.
Vitamin B1 is widely found in cereals, wheat, soybeans and other crude foods.
If the elderly eat long-term white rice, flour, etc., there may be a lack of vitamin B1.
Oral supplementation 3 times a day, 2 tablets each time, each tablet is 10 mg, can be taken long-term or intermittent.
In addition to the above four vitamins, other vitamins are generally not lacking, unless a special disease can be considered for the use of a particular vitamin (such as the need to use vitamin B12 in patients with anemia, vitamin K in case of hemorrhagic).
However, when considering health care, health care, and preventive medication, vitamin A, E, C, and B1 are most desirable.
Of course, it is best to consult with your doctor about the duration and dosage.